How Does Torque Wrench Works?
It is often uncomfortable to be in a situation when talking to someone and they are talking about something using terms or words that you don’t have any idea about. So before we start learning more about what torque wrenches are, let’s begin this article by knowing what a torque wrenches is.
Torque wrench is basically a type of wrench that is specifically designed to apply specific amount of force otherwise called as torque to a bolt or nut. When average individuals have heard of the word torque, they often think of the engine’s horsepower. Well, torque does refer to a force rotating such as the wheels of a car but that term can also refer to almost anything in that case and not only the power of your car’s engine.
Another common example for this involves lug nuts that hold the wheels on an automobile. These lug nuts have a specific amount of torque in which they must be tightened. In the event that too little amount of force is used, they may come loose while you are driving which can lead to unstable wheel or worse, your wheel may come off. If they are too tight on the other hand, you are running the risk of something cracking that can cause some problems on the wheels. With this in mind, if these nuts have to be applied with specific torque or amount of force, making use of a torque wrench will come into play.
There’s a small gauge showing how much force you’re applying for the most basic type of this wrench. And in case for lug nuts, cars usually need 80 pounds of force, what you have to do is put the wrench on and then tighten it until it shows that you are applying 80 pounds of torque and you are good.
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As a matter of fact, there are many different types of torque wrenches and with the most basic is mentioned above. Normally, to be able to indicate the amount of force applied, it is using a needle. There are also some that have mechanisms preventing you from over-tightening, which has a clutch that automatically disengage when you reach that certain amount of force. With this, it helps in preventing unnecessary force to be applied.
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Once again, there are some electronic wrenches that also have digital display than an analog gauge. At the same time, there are hydraulic torque wrenches in the market which can apply significant amount of force by using hydraulics. Oftentimes, this type of wrench is used on bigger pieces of machinery where basic wrenches would not work.